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jlb
Joined: 21 Oct 2020 Posts: 67

Posted: Mon Sep 20, 2021 7:01 pm Post subject: Failure within MODULO with 32 bit integers ? 


The intrinsic function MODULO returns a wrong result when used with 32 bit integers, as shown in the following example:
Code:  PROGRAM div
IMPLICIT NONE
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: k=3
INTEGER(KIND=k) :: a,b
b=43*144*16
a=27*144*16
WRITE(*,*) 'a = ', a, ' b = ', b, ' MOD(a,b) = ', MOD(a,b)
WRITE(*,*) 'b = ', b, ' a = ', a, ' MOD(b,a) = ', MOD(b,a)
WRITE(*,*) 'a = ', a, ' b = ', b, ' MODULO(a,b) = ', MODULO(a,b)
WRITE(*,*) 'b = ', b, ' a = ', a, ' MODULO(b,a) = ', MODULO(b,a)
END PROGRAM div 
Output for k=3
a = 62208 b = 99072 MOD(a,b) = 62208
b = 99072 a = 62208 MOD(b,a) = 36864
a = 62208 b = 99072 MODULO(a,b) = 62208
b = 99072 a = 62208 MODULO(b,a) = 99072
Output for k=4 (correct)
a = 62208 b = 99072 MOD(a,b) = 62208
b = 99072 a = 62208 MOD(b,a) = 36864
a = 62208 b = 99072 MODULO(a,b) = 62208
b = 99072 a = 62208 MODULO(b,a) = 36864
Compiler version: FTN95 8.80 

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mecej4
Joined: 31 Oct 2006 Posts: 1896

Posted: Tue Sep 21, 2021 2:34 am Post subject: 


With 8.80, I find that the bug that you reported does not occur when /64 is not used.
Did you use the same version of the compiler? 

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jlb
Joined: 21 Oct 2020 Posts: 67

Posted: Tue Sep 21, 2021 9:57 am Post subject: 


mecej4
I may confirm that the bug only occurs when the /64 option is used, that's why I made this report in the 64bit subforum only. In both cases (with and without /64 option) the version 8.80.0 of the compiler has been used. 

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PaulLaidler Site Admin
Joined: 21 Feb 2005 Posts: 8016 Location: Salford, UK

Posted: Tue Sep 21, 2021 10:33 am Post subject: 


Thank you for this bug report which I have logged for investigation. 

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JohnCampbell
Joined: 16 Feb 2006 Posts: 2584 Location: Sydney

Posted: Tue Sep 21, 2021 10:59 am Post subject: 


I can confirm that the bug occurs with Ver 8.74 and
ftn95 modulo /64 /lgo,
but not with ftn95 modulo /lgo, or kind=4
( I modified the format to better report in a Plato execute window and test simple MODULO)
Code:  PROGRAM div
IMPLICIT NONE
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: k=selected_int_kind(9)
INTEGER(KIND=k) :: a,b
write (*,11) 'Kind =',k
b=43*144*16
a=27*144*16
WRITE(*,11) 'a = ', a, ' b = ', b, ' MOD(a,b) = ', MOD(a,b)
WRITE(*,11) 'b = ', b, ' a = ', a, ' MOD(b,a) = ', MOD(b,a)
WRITE(*,11) 'a = ', a, ' b = ', b, ' MODULO(a,b) = ', MODULO(a,b)
WRITE(*,11) 'b = ', b, ' a = ', a, ' MODULO(b,a) = ', MODULO(b,a)
WRITE(*,11) 'a = ', a, ' b = ', b, ' MODULx(a,b) = ', MODULx(a,b)
WRITE(*,11) 'b = ', b, ' a = ', a, ' MODULx(b,a) = ', MODULx(b,a)
11 format (a,i8,a,i8,a,i8)
contains
integer function modulx (a,b)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: k=selected_int_kind(9)
INTEGER(KIND=k) :: a,b, n
n = a/b
modulx = ab*n
end function modulx
END PROGRAM div 


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jlb
Joined: 21 Oct 2020 Posts: 67

Posted: Tue Sep 21, 2021 12:04 pm Post subject: 


Addendum
16 bit variables seem to play a role in the origin of the bug, see example below, compiled with FTN95 /64 (Version 8.80)
Code:  PROGRAM div
IMPLICIT NONE
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: k=3
INTEGER(KIND=k) :: i
DO i=2,2**17
IF (MODULO(3*i,2*i) >= 2*i) THEN
WRITE(*,'(A,I0)') 'Failure above ',2*i
EXIT
END IF
END DO
END PROGRAM div 
Output:


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mecej4
Joined: 31 Oct 2006 Posts: 1896

Posted: Wed Sep 22, 2021 12:07 pm Post subject: 


There are no 16bit variables in the program that you show.
Using the MODULO function generates a call to routine JMOD in the FTN95 64bit DLLs, and I suspect that the bug is in JMOD or another routine that is called from JMOD.
It is true that 2^16 = 65536, but that does not by itself justify concluding that 16bit variables/registers are responsible for the bug. 

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jlb
Joined: 21 Oct 2020 Posts: 67

Posted: Wed Sep 22, 2021 2:07 pm Post subject: 


mecej4
You are right, of course. My wording was imprecise, I only meant that 16 bit variables could possibly play a role. Nothing more, by no means a stringent conclusion. I am also aware that the published code does not contain 16 bit variables. Thank you for investigating the DLL call. 

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PaulLaidler Site Admin
Joined: 21 Feb 2005 Posts: 8016 Location: Salford, UK

Posted: Mon Oct 18, 2021 12:19 pm Post subject: 


This bug has now been fixed in the next release of clearwin64.dll. 

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jlb
Joined: 21 Oct 2020 Posts: 67

Posted: Thu Oct 28, 2021 10:01 pm Post subject: 


Paul
Thank you for solving this bug. 

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