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Invalid KIND Specifier

 
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agusbudipras



Joined: 04 Aug 2017
Posts: 4

PostPosted: Sat Aug 05, 2017 4:47 am    Post subject: Invalid KIND Specifier Reply with quote

Excuse me. I'm Agus.

Anybody can help me?

I found this error in my running program:

Compiling and linking file: Constants.F90

E:\PHYSICS\Semester 8\1. Tugas Akhir A (2) W\LAPAN\Pemrograman\Pemrograman\ModernAstrophysicsCode[1]\ModernAstrophysicsCode\Fortran 95 Source Codes\Appendix I Constants\Constants.F90(34) : error 62 - Invalid KIND specifier

E:\PHYSICS\Semester 8\1. Tugas Akhir A (2) W\LAPAN\Pemrograman\Pemrograman\ModernAstrophysicsCode[1]\ModernAstrophysicsCode\Fortran 95 Source Codes\Appendix I Constants\Constants.F90(34) : error 636 - KIND parameter out of range, permitted KINDs are 1, 2, or 3

E:\PHYSICS\Semester 8\1. Tugas Akhir A (2) W\LAPAN\Pemrograman\Pemrograman\ModernAstrophysicsCode[1]\ModernAstrophysicsCode\Fortran 95 Source Codes\Appendix I Constants\Constants.F90(37) : error 636 - KIND parameter out of range, permitted KINDs are 1, 2, or 3
......................................(with the same like above)
Compilation failed.

How to fix it?

Thanks
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mecej4



Joined: 31 Oct 2006
Posts: 739

PostPosted: Sat Aug 05, 2017 5:08 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

You need to show us the code, at least the lines that produced the error messages.

I suspect that the code uses different kind numbers than those used by FTN95. If so, look up the description of the /ALT_kinds option.
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agusbudipras



Joined: 04 Aug 2017
Posts: 4

PostPosted: Sat Aug 05, 2017 5:18 am    Post subject: Re: Reply with quote

mecej4 wrote:
You need to show us the code, at least the lines that produced the error messages.

I suspect that the code uses different kind numbers than those used by FTN95. If so, look up the description of the /ALT_kinds option.


Oh okay. May be like this what do you mean?

MODULE Constants
!
! General Description:
! ====================
!
! This module contains the most up-to-date physical and
! astronomical constants in SI units. This module also identifies
! the correct kind parameters for the current machine.
!
! "An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics", Appendix I
! Bradley W. Carroll and Dale A. Ostlie
! Addison Wesley, 2007
!
! Weber State University
! Ogden, UT
! modastro@weber.edu
!-------------------------------------------------------------------

IMPLICIT NONE

!The system's precision and range
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: sp = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 6, r = 37)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: dp = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 15, r = 307)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: qp = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 33, r = 4931)

INTEGER, PARAMETER :: i1 = SELECTED_INT_KIND(2)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: i2 = SELECTED_INT_KIND(4)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: i4 = SELECTED_INT_KIND(8)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: i8 = SELECTED_INT_KIND(15)

!The smallest non-zero number and the number of significant figures
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: tiny_sp = TINY(1.0_sp)
REAL(dp), PARAMETER :: tiny_dp = TINY(1.0_dp)
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: tiny_qp = TINY(1.0_qp)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: sig_fig_sp = PRECISION(1.0_sp)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: sig_fig_dp = PRECISION(1.0_dp)
INTEGER, PARAMETER :: sig_fig_qp = PRECISION(1.0_qp)
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: eps_sp = 10.0_sp**(-sig_fig_sp)
REAL(dp), PARAMETER :: eps_dp = 10.0_dp**(-sig_fig_dp)
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: eps_qp = 10.0_qp**(-sig_fig_qp)

!The largest number for given precision
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: biggest_sp = HUGE(1.0_sp)
REAL(dp), PARAMETER :: biggest_dp = HUGE(1.0_dp)
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: biggest_qp = HUGE(1.0_qp)
INTEGER(i1),PARAMETER :: biggest_i1 = HUGE(1_i1)
INTEGER(i2),PARAMETER :: biggest_i2 = HUGE(1_i2)
INTEGER(i4),PARAMETER :: biggest_i4 = HUGE(1_i4)
INTEGER(i8),PARAMETER :: biggest_i8 = HUGE(1_i8)

!Values related to pi and e
INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rpi = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 33, r = 2)
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: pi = 3.14159265358979323846264338327950_rpi
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: two_pi = 2*pi
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: four_pi = 4*pi
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: four_pi_o3 = four_pi/3
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: pi_over_2 = pi/2

REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: natural_e = 2.71828182845904523536028747135266_rpi

!Conversions for radians to degrees and degrees to radians
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: degrees_to_radians = pi/180
REAL(rpi), PARAMETER :: radians_to_degrees = 180/pi

!Physical constants
INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rG = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 4, r = 11)
REAL(rG), PARAMETER :: G = 6.673e-11_rG
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: c = 2.99792458e08_qp
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: mu_0 = four_pi*1e-07_qp
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: epsilon_0 = 1/(mu_0*c**2)

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: reC = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 10, r = 19)
REAL(reC), PARAMETER :: e_C = 1.602176462e-19_reC
REAL(reC), PARAMETER :: eV = e_C
REAL(reC), PARAMETER :: keV = eV*1.0e3_reC
REAL(reC), PARAMETER :: MeV = eV*1.0e6_reC
REAL(reC), PARAMETER :: GeV = eV*1.0e9_reC

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rh = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9
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agusbudipras



Joined: 04 Aug 2017
Posts: 4

PostPosted: Sat Aug 05, 2017 5:24 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rh = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 34)
REAL(rh), PARAMETER :: h = 6.62606876e-34_rh
REAL(rh), PARAMETER :: hbar = h/two_pi

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rkB = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 8, r = 23)
REAL(rkB), PARAMETER :: k_B = 1.3806503e-23_rkB

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rsig = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 8, r = 25)
REAL(rsig), PARAMETER :: sigma = 2*pi**5*k_B**4/(15*c**2*h**3)
REAL(rsig), PARAMETER :: a_rad = 4*sigma/c
REAL(rsig), PARAMETER :: a_rad_o3 = a_rad/3
REAL(rsig), PARAMETER :: four_ac_o3 = 4*a_rad_o3*c

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rme = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 31)
REAL(rme), PARAMETER :: m_e = 9.10938188e-31_rme

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rmp = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 27)
REAL(rmp), PARAMETER :: m_p = 1.67262158e-27_rmp

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rmn = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 27)
REAL(rmn), PARAMETER :: m_n = 1.67492716e-27_rmn

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rmH = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 10, r = 27)
REAL(rmH), PARAMETER :: m_H = 1.673532499e-27_rmH

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: ru = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 27)
REAL(ru), PARAMETER :: u = 1.66053873e-27_ru

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rNA = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 23)
REAL(rNA), PARAMETER :: N_A = 6.02214199e23_rNA

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rR = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 7, r = 1)
REAL(rR), PARAMETER :: R_gas = 8.314472_rR

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: ra0 = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 10, r = 11)
REAL(ra0), PARAMETER :: a_0 = four_pi*epsilon_0*hbar**2/(m_e*e_C**2)

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rRH = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 14, r = 7)
REAL(rRH), PARAMETER :: R_infty = m_e*e_C**4/(64*pi**3*epsilon_0**2*hbar**3*c)
REAL(rRH), PARAMETER :: R_H = m_p/(m_e + m_p)*R_infty

!Time constants
INTEGER(i2),PARAMETER :: hr = 3600
INTEGER(i4),PARAMETER :: day = 24*hr
REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: J_yr = 365.25_qp*day

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: ryr = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 9, r = 7)
REAL(ryr), PARAMETER :: yr = 3.15581450e7_ryr

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rTyr = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 10, r = 7)
REAL(rTyr), PARAMETER :: T_yr = 3.155692519e7_rTyr

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rGyr = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 8, r = 7)
REAL(rGyr), PARAMETER :: G_yr = 3.1556952e7_rGyr

!Astronomical length constants
INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rAU = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 11, r = 11)
REAL(rAU), PARAMETER :: AU = 1.4959787066e11_dp

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rpc = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 11, r = 17)
REAL(rpc), PARAMETER :: pc = 206264.806_rpc*AU

REAL(qp), PARAMETER :: ly = c*J_yr

!Solar constants
INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rMs = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 5, r = 30)
REAL(rMs), PARAMETER :: M_Sun = 1.9891e30_rMs

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rSs = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 4, r = 3)
REAL(rSs), PARAMETER :: S_Sun = 1.365e3_rSs

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rLs = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 4, r = 26)
REAL(rLs), PARAMETER :: L_Sun = four_pi*AU**2*S_Sun

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rRs = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 6, r = 6)
REAL(rMs), PARAMETER :: R_Sun = 6.95508e8_rRs

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rTs = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 4, r = 26)
REAL(rTs), PARAMETER :: Te_Sun = (L_Sun/(four_pi*R_Sun**2*sigma))**0.25_qp

!Solar magnitudes
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: Mbol_Sun = 4.74
REAL(sp), PARAMETER ::
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agusbudipras



Joined: 04 Aug 2017
Posts: 4

PostPosted: Sat Aug 05, 2017 5:25 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

!Solar magnitudes
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: Mbol_Sun = 4.74
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: MU_Sun = 5.67
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: MB_Sun = 5.47
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: MV_Sun = 4.82
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: Mbol_Sun_ap = -26.83
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: MU_Sun_ap = -25.91
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: MB_Sun_ap = -26.10
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: MV_Sun_ap = -26.75
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: BC_Sun = -0.08

!Earth constants
INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rMea = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 5, r = 24)
REAL(rMea), PARAMETER :: M_Earth = 5.9736e24_rMea

INTEGER, PARAMETER, PRIVATE :: rRea = SELECTED_REAL_KIND(p = 7, r = 6)
REAL(rRea), PARAMETER :: R_Earth = 6.378136e6_rRea

!Unit Conversions
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: cm = 1e-2
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: gram = 1e-3
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: erg = 1e-7
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: dyne = 1e-5
REAL(dp), PARAMETER :: esu = 3.335640952e-10
REAL(dp), PARAMETER :: statvolt = 2.997924580e2
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: gauss = 1e-4
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: angstrom = 1e-10
REAL(sp), PARAMETER :: jansky = 1e-26
END MODULE Constants


sorry for the long text
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mecej4



Joined: 31 Oct 2006
Posts: 739

PostPosted: Sat Aug 05, 2017 11:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I can see that your module is trying to use qp as the kind number for quad-precision reals. If you declare qp as in your module and print its value in a test program, you will find it to be -1, which means that this compiler does not support reals with this precision/range.
Code:

program qpq
implicit none
integer, parameter :: qp=selected_real_kind(p = 33, r = 4931)
!
print *,qp
end program


When your subsequent declarations in the constants module attempt to use qp as a kind parameter, a syntax error will be listed, since valid kind numbers are never negative.
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JohnCampbell



Joined: 16 Feb 2006
Posts: 1835
Location: Sydney

PostPosted: Sun Aug 06, 2017 6:23 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

The following program will give an indication of the precision and range available with FTN95.
You can compile the following program with FTN95 /lgo, but not FTN95 /64 /lgo
It will indicate what precision is supported by FTN95.
Note FTN95 (/32) supports real*16 syntax, but replaces it with REAL*10 precision, while FTN95 /64 does not support real*10 or real*16 syntax.

Code:
!  real Kinds
      real*4 x4
      real*8 x8
      real*10 x10
      real*16 x16
      integer*4 k, p,r
!
      write (*,*) ' '
      write (*,*) ' REAL*4'
      k = kind (x4)
      p = precision (x4)
      r = range  (x4)
      write (*,*) 'kind x4       ', k
      write (*,*) 'precision (x4)', p
      write (*,*) 'range (x4)    ', r
      write (*,*) 'select_kind   ', selected_real_kind (p,r)
!
      write (*,*) ' '
      write (*,*) ' REAL*8'
      k = kind (x8)
      p = precision (x8)
      r = range  (x8)
      write (*,*) 'kind x8       ', k
      write (*,*) 'precision (x8)', p
      write (*,*) 'range (x8)    ', r
      write (*,*) 'select_kind   ', selected_real_kind (p,r)
!
      write (*,*) ' '
      write (*,*) ' REAL*10'
      k = kind (x10)
      p = precision (x10)
      r = range  (x10)
      write (*,*) 'kind x10       ', k
      write (*,*) 'precision (x10)', p
      write (*,*) 'range (x10)    ', r
      write (*,*) 'select_kind   ', selected_real_kind (p,r)
!
      write (*,*) ' '
      write (*,*) ' REAL*16'
      k = kind (x16)
      p = precision (x16)
      r = range  (x16)
      write (*,*) 'kind x16       ', k
      write (*,*) 'precision (x16)', p
      write (*,*) 'range (x16)    ', r
      write (*,*) 'select_kind   ', selected_real_kind (p,r)
!
    end


FTN95 is not alone in its inability to handle higher precision. gFortran does not adequately support real*10 but does provide quad-precision reals.
The Fortran standard requires that at least two types of reals are supported, which FTN95 does, while not providing quad precision.
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